简温饱（JAN WINBURN）著 冯红伟，张见妃译 三表叔校
In our newsroom we often read great narrative stories from other newspapers and wonder, “How did they get that idea?” Sometimes we call the writers and ask them. Finally, we realized we could develop a methodology for finding story ideas. We devised a set of questions. As journalist James B. Stewart said, “What are the smart questions?” Here are the seven that we use.
坐到起新闻编辑部里头，经常看到别个报纸上写的黑好的叙事新闻故事，心头憋起在想，“狗日，龟儿子是啷个想出来的勒个点子哟？”本来要打个电话切问一哈儿别个，后头还是算了，各人闷到起琢磨出来老点东西，其实说穿了豆是一个啷个问问题的道理，豆像新闻记者詹姆斯.B.斯特瓦特(James B. Stewart)说的：“关键是问啥子？”下面给大家讲讲老子各人想出来的七个问题。
What are the enduring issues of the day? What are the universal subjects?
For narrative writing, this question suggests a follow-up: How can those issues be seen from inside one person’s life? To give an example: The death penalty is an enduring subject. It’s in the headlines, as it was twenty-five years ago and will be twenty-five years from now. A fresh take on an enduring subject is always timely. When the DNA exonerations of people convicted of murder began, I thought, “These people were nearly put to death. What would they do with the second lives they had been given?”
I wanted to find one of the oldest cases of a person released based on DNA evidence. I asked a reporter to write about what the man had done with his second life. The story surprised me. I thought he would go as far as possible from where his name was known. He went right back to the eastern shore of Maryland, where his father had been a waterman and he was a waterman.
Is there someone whose life is like that of someone in the headlines? Can this headline story be better understood through the eyes or experience of an ordinary person?
While Monica Lewinsky was in the news, a reporter could have looked at the personal life of other White House interns
What truism is being presented in the news, and does heading in the opposite direction suggest a story?
We write about all sorts of conventional wisdom. Sometimes, you can take one of those truisms and look in the opposite direction for a story. One of my favorite writers at the New York Times, Dirk Johnson, wrote a piece called “When Money Is Everything Except Hers.” During the 1990s economic boom, he visited Ronald Reagan’s hometown, Dixon, Illinois—a place that was supposedly very prosperous. He wrote about a person there who wasn’t prosperous.
爱党爱国，尊老爱幼，新闻报道豆是愣个哈皮搓搓，有时候挑个道理，反起整过切，反而是个好故事。老子黑喜欢弟锅（Dirk Johnson）在《扭秧歌》（New York Times）杂志上写的那篇，名字叫“有钱屌就大，她却没屌用”，九十年代那个时候，经济好得很，他个龟儿子跑到李主席(Ronald Reagan)的老家，在彝里洛自治区的提你松（Dixon, Illinois），别个都在报道那个地区的繁荣富强，他结果整了篇穷人的文章，安逸惨了。
Where would it be worth going deeper? Where is the close-up on a story? Where does mystery remain?
When a story has been heavily covered, reposition the camera. Pull in from the wide, new｀s-gathering angle. Look for a close-up angle on the story that hasn’t been told.
Where is there ambiguity in a big story?
Look for what author Gary Smith calls “emotional truth.” One night in October 1994 a Baltimore man named Nathaniel Hurt went out on his balcony and fired a gun four times into the darkness. Hurt, who was sixty-two, killed a thirteen-year-old boy. He lived in a neighborhood where open-air drug markets operated and kids vandalized cars and homes. Was Hurt a symbol of the beleaguered homeowner in a city under siege or just a vigilante?
Eight months after the incident, as Hurt’s sentencing approached, the Baltimore Sun features writer Laura Lippman visited Hurt at his home. She saw the pristine carpet protected by plastic runners and the creamy white sofa. Hurt reenacted that night for her. Her story revealed something new: the man himself. “Listening to Hurt,” she wrote, “one begins to understand what it means to be honest to a fault.”
去寻找内些“情感真象”，这句话是作家盖里史密斯说滴。1994年，巴尔的摩有个叫Nathaniel Hurt 滴银走出他的阳台，并在黑暗中射了四枪。这位Hurt大爷已经62岁了，他被认定杀了一个13岁的男孩儿。Hurt大爷就住在一个露天毒品交易市场滴隔壁，内个小男孩老来他家肆意破坏。你说Hurt大爷是作为一个房屋被围攻滴代表腻，还是作为正当的自我警务防卫腻？
在整件事发生8个月之后，Hurt 大爷滴审判通知书才下达。巴尔的摩日报的特约写手Laura Lippman拜访了大爷滴家，她看到纯洁无暇滴地板上边儿铺着一层塑料布，塑料布下边儿盖着那奶油般纯白的沙发。她就邀请大爷为她再次扮演那天晚上发生的一幕。然而这次的扮演让她发现的一个惊人的新闻，就是Hurt大爷本身。“让我们听他解释！”Laura写道：“当一个人开始去理解就意味着他要诚实地面对自己的错误。”
Is there an untold background tale?
In 2002, Joseph Palczynski went on a rampage in Baltimore after his girlfriend had broken off their relationship. He kidnapped her and killed four people who got in his way. He took her family hostage. The events unfolded over two weeks, ending with the police killing Palczynski. Nearly lost in the coverage of this complex story was the fact that it had started as domestic violence. Four writers at the Baltimore Sun saw that connection and located six of Palczynski’s former girlfriends—all of whom had been abused. Using evidence that spanned thirteen years, the writers wove a chilling narrative exposing Palczynski’s long pattern of battering women and threatening their families.
Is an ending really another beginning?
Endings mark the beginnings of new stories about to unfold. A farmer’s wife lost her husband in a house fire. That was the end of one story but also the beginning of another: her life on the farm without him. We wrote about her first year alone on the farm.
Reporters and editors should ask themselves all these questions and then listen. Listen to what people in your own life say to you. Keep yourself open to all of life; take your head out of the newspaper. Sometimes I have to stop reading newspapers because I have a hard time opening up that other chamber of my mind—the one that invites ideas in from life.