媒介文化研究之二:文化,媒介与身份

第一章 文化、媒介和身份认同

两个基本概念:文化和媒介
两者的关系:media and culture interact in reciprocal causality, a “system” perspective rather than the disputed “causal” perspective often applied to media’s relation to culture.

两者交互缠绕的关系是我们理解身份认同的背景。我们必须厘清这个叫做“媒介文化”的概念。

让我们以音乐为例来讨论文化的体验
When we listen to our favorite music, whatever our tastes may be, we are engaging in a cultural experience of great resonance.
The joy of music may be the simplest and most immediate of pleasures, but he experience is also complex and many-layered.

想想音乐的表达手段和形式、选择音乐的偏好形成、音乐本身在历史和社会环境中的建构、音乐产业的制作流程,还有歌词、歌星及其背后的团队等等因素吧。
All we know is the way the music seems to reach inside and express what we feel and care about. We are experiencing “the meaning of culture”.

一个看似简单却内涵丰富复杂的文化形态。

从某个角度来定义”文化“:
Culture is the shorthand label for everything that sets us apart as humans.
Culture is the way we mentally structure our interactions with other people and our environment.
Culture is the meaning constantly being created.

文化的沉浸感让我们很少能观察它。

来自人类学的文化定义:culture is “the systematic way of construing reality that a people acquires as a consequence of living in a group.” 当中值得注意的是,文化被当成是对现实的集体生活形态进行诠释的一种方法。因此,它是”living experience shared with others”.

文化的群落

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